Pakistan awaits its share of critical monsoon in 2021

In its year analysis, NOAA has declared the end of La-Nina. It means a neutral sea-surface and atmospheric conditions likely in the Pacific Ocean with only 12% chances of El-Nino (Reuters, 2021). Relatively normal monsoon season likely in the Indian sub-continent this year. However, given scarce or lack of study on Indian Ocean Dipole and…

Powerful Arabian Sea Cyclones in recent years

Not long ago, there was a time when environmentalists and climate activists used to argue that cyclones (or tropical storms as they are known across the world) are rather a rare phenomenon in the Arabian Sea. However, given the changing sea surface temperature in recent years, there has been an explosive rise of tropical activity…

Environmental degradation in Pakistan

Upon witnessing prosperity in the West, many countries like Pakistan adopted a policy of industrialization, regarding it as essential for a country’s rapid increasing population which as of 2016 is estimated at 193.2 million. This development however has not been environmentally sustainable with natural resources being depleted at an alarming rate. Atmospheric contamination, deterioration in…