It has happened again as feared by the international communities early this year. Record breaking monsoon rainfall this time in Sindh have wrecked havoc somewhat similar to last year’s great floods. At least 30 people have been reported of losing their lives while some unconfirmed says that 50 people have died in eastern Sindh due to flooding. Record rainfall was between 250 mm to 350 mm, which caused much the problem. 15,000 tents have been distributed by the Pakistan Army in the flood-hit area, while 100 villages have been affected.
All the cities, towns and villages give a look of either an ocean or a never ending lake. The devastation is widespread. All of Badin, Tando Muhamamd Khan, Tando Allah Yar, Mirpur Khas, Thatta and a few other districts have been affected. Waters have reached somewhere waist level and somewhere neck and shoulder levels. Hundreds of thousands of people are still stranded. National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) have told that over 2 lakh people in eastern Sindh have been affected while the Chief Minister of Sindh have said that 1 lakh are affected.
Overall the situation is horrible in Sindh and there is fear that diseases like malaria, dengue and other diseases will spread in the province. In the Punjab, province at least 110 causes of dengue have been reported, which is being blamed on frequent monsoon showers in the province. Still some people displaced by last year’s are living in the camps, these fresh flooding is likely to cause much problems in the province and it is feared that it may have a direct impact on the already fragile economy of Pakistan. International organizations like UN, Oxfam etc already warned the government that conditions since last year have not be improved thus it wont be surprising if flood-like situation is seen this monsoon season too. Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP) in March had said that chances of floods were likely in the monsoon season in the upper parts due to heavy snowfall in winter and severe heat waves that followed it, while due to lack of construction in Sindh since last year, chances of flash flooding were likely in Sindh too. Prime Minister and Chief Minister of Sindh, however did visit the flood-hit districts of Sindh but people affected say that they want food and water as both these commodities have been hit hard by the floods. Already the monthly rising food prices in the country have caused a great deal of problem in flood-hit areas as people are unable to buy food for their loved famalies. Great number of cattle is reported to be affected while those animals which survived are suffering various diseases due to stagnant polluted water.
A survey conducted by the National Rural Support Programme (NRSP) revealed that the districts Badin and Mirpurkhas have been worst affected. The NRSP in its damage assessment recommended that at least 17, 404 households needed food supplies, 11, 681 households needed shelters, 65, 552 required wash intervention, 17, 074 needed health interventions and 20, 922 affected required other necessities on emergency basis. UN humanitarian agencies in Pakistan are on standby after heavy rainfall in Sindh provinces.The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) conducted informal assessments last week in some areas where there had been a significant loss of homes, and district authorities were already relocating families to shelters.