2014 Monsoon of Pakistan

Updates to start from June 1, 2014.

2013 Monsoon of Pakistan

Monsoon daily monthly updates

monsoon-2013-pwp

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Monsoon Special articles for 2013

You can read special monsoon article by Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP), here;

2012 Monsoon of Pakistan

Monsoon daily monthly updates

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Monsoon Special articles for 2012

You can read special monsoon article by Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP), here;

2011 Monsoon of Pakistan 

Monsoon daily monthly updates

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Monsoon Special articles for 2011

You can read special monsoon article by Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP), here;

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History of Climate of Pakistan

The monsoon and the Western Disturbance are the two main factors which alter the weather over Pakistan; otherwise, Continental air prevails for rest of the year. Following are the main factors that influence the weather over Pakistan.

  • Western Disturbances mostly occur during the winter months and cause light to moderate showers in southern parts of the country while moderate to heavy showers with heavy snowfall in the northern parts of the country. These westerly waves are robbed of most of the moisture by the time they reach Pakistan.
  • Fog occurs during the winter season and remains for weeks in upper Sindh, central Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab.
  • Southwest Monsoon occurs in summer from the month of June till September in whole Pakistan excluding western Balochistan, FATA, Chitral and Gilgit-Baltistan. Monsoon rains bring much awaited relief from the scorching summer heat. These monsoon rains are quite heavy by nature and can cause significant flooding, even severe flooding if they interact with westerly waves in the upper parts of the country.
  • Cyclones in Pakistan usually form during the summer months from late April till June and then from late September till November. They affect the coastal localities of the country.
  • Dust storms occur during summer months with peak in May and June, They are locally known as Andhi. These dust storms are quite violent. Dust storms during the early summer indicates the arrival of the monsoons while dust storms in the autumn indicate the arrival of winter.
  • Heat waves occur during May and June, especially in southern Punjab, central Balochistan and interior Sindh.
  • Continental air prevails during the period when there is no precipitation in the country.
  • Drought in Pakistan is an on and off phenomenon in the country.
  • Tsunami are rare, but this tsunami is the deadliest one yet.
  • Floods in Pakistan occur every year during monsoon season thousand people die in Pakistan as well as South Asia due to the massive floods.
  • Earthquakes in Pakistan  are the deadliest form of disaster in the country.
  • Worst Natural Disasters of Pakistan is the list of all the disasters in the country.

Climate of Karachi

Monsoon precipitation in Karachi

The average annual rainfall for Karachi is 200 millimetres (7.9 in); the highest annual rainfall of 713 millimetres (28.1 in) was recorded in 1967. Annual monsoon rains for Karachi amount to 146.5 millimetres (5.77 in). The city experienced above-normal monsoon rainfalls in 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010, while in 2004 and 2005 the city received below-normal rainfall. In 2009 the country received 30% below normal rainfall with the exception of Sindh, including Karachi, which received above normal monsoon rains. Karachi has seen record-breaking rainfalls during monsoon season since 2003 with the exception of 2004 and 2005. Following is a data from Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP)

Monsoon precipitation in Karachi
Monsoon begins from June till September
Precipitation
Year (mm) (in) Conditions
2000 0.1 mm 0 inches Drought
2001 63.1 mm 2.41 inches Drought
2002 123.1 mm 4.84 inches Drought
2003 355.2 mm 13.98 inches La-Nina
2004 35 mm 1.37 inches Drought
2005 80.6 mm 3.17  inches Drought
2006 236.7 mm 9.32 inches La-Nina
2007 421 mm 16.6 inches +IOD
2008 91.5 mm 3.60 inches -
2009 370 mm 14.5 inches El-Nino
2010 415.7 mm 16.3 inches La-Nina
2011 281.0 mm 11.0 inches La-Nina
2012 136 mm 5.3 inches Late +IOD

In the monsoon of 2013, Karachi (All) received a total of 191.2 mm till October 1.

Climate of Islamabad

Monsoon precipitation in Islamabad

The average monsoon rainfall of Islamabad is 790.8 millimetres (31.13 in). Monsoon season starts by the end of June and prevails till the end of September. In 2009, Islamabad saw below normal monsoon rainfalls due to the presence of El-Nino over Pakistan. The highest rainfall of 620 millimetres (24 in) was recorded in Islamabad during 24 hours on 24 July 2001. The record breaking rain fell in just 10 hours. It was the heaviest rainfall in Islamabad in the past 100 years. The following is the Monsoon rainfall in Islamabad since 2005 based on the data from Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP);

Monsoon precipitation in Islamabad
Monsoon begins from June till September
Precipitation
Year (mm) (in) Conditions
2005 1,112 mm 43.7 inches -
2006 962 mm 37.9 inches La-Nina
2007 1,117 mm 44.0 inches +IOD
2008 1,108 mm 43.6 inches -
2009 354 mm 13.9 inches El-Nino
2010 1,171 mm 46.1 inches La-Nina
2011 1,245 mm 49 inches La-Nina
2012 1,007 mm 39.1 inches Late +IOD
  • In the monsoon of 2013, Islamabad (All) got a total of 1,970 mm rain till October 1.

Climate of Lahore 

  • Climate of Lahore – The monthly factors!

Monsoon precipitation in Lahore

The average monsoon rainfall of Lahore is 470.1 millimetres (18.51 in). The monsoon rains commence from the last week of June and persist till the end of September. In 2009, Lahore saw below normal monsoon rainfalls due to the presence of El-Nino over Pakistan. Lahore mainly receives its rainfall during the Monsoon season from June till September, and in winter season from western disturbance in December till February. The highest ever annual rainfall in Lahore was recorded in 1955 when 1,317.5 millimetres (51.87 in) of rainfall was recorded. Lahore received below normal rains in 2009, and normal rains in 2007 and 2010. The following is the Monsoon rainfall data in Lahore since 2003 based on data from Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP);

Monsoon precipitation in Lahore
Monsoon begins from June till September
Precipitation
Year (mm) (in) Conditions
2003 337 mm 14.8 inches La-Nina
2004 NA NA -
2005 426 mm 16.8 inches -
2006 606 mm 23.9 inches La-Nina
2007 531 mm 20.9 inches +IOD
2008 800 mm 31 inches -
2009 318 mm 12.5 inches El-Nino
2010 711 mm 28 inches La-Nina
2011 670 mm 26 inches La-Nina
2012 512.3 mm 20.1 inches Late +IOD
  • In the monsoon of 2013, Lahore (All) received a total of 1155.5 mm till October 1.

Climate of Hyderabad

  • Climate of Hyderabad – The monthly factors!

Monsoon precipitation in Hyderabad

The average annual rainfall (January to December) for Hyderabad is 136.1 millimetres (5.36 in). The highest annual rainfall was 455 millimetres (17.9 in), recorded in 2006. The average monsoon rainfall for Hyderabad is 100 millimetres (3.9 in). Following is the annual monsoon rainfall (June till September) since 2008. The following is the annual monsoon rainfall for the last few years based on data from Pakistan Weather Portal (PWP);

Monsoon precipitation in Hyderabad
Monsoon begins from June till September
Precipitation
Year (mm) (in) Conditions
2003 286 mm 11.3 inches La-Nina
2004 NA NA -
2005 29 mm 1.1 inches -
2006 455 mm 17.9 inches La-Nina
2007 NA NA +IOD
2008 115 mm 4.5 inches -
2009 209 mm 8.2 inches El-Nino
2010 213 mm 8.4 inches La-Nina
2011 408 mm 16.06 inches La-Nina
2012 126 mm 4.9 inches late +IOD
  • In the monsoon of 2013, Hyderabad (All) received a total of 95.7 mm till September 27.
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